PCOS, also referred to as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, is a cause of infertility in women all around the world. It affects approximately 6%-12% of women worldwide—the percentage of women shifts to around 5 million worldwide in terms of reproductive age.
The issue does not finish here. The fertility disorder later continues and endangers the condition of children beyond their childbearing age. This article covers the fertility issue of PCOS, and we are in touch with Dr. Varsha Patil, Senior Fertility specialist, Clinical embryologist from Leeds UK, Sydney IVF Sydney, Australia.
However, before that, let us see the details of PCOS.
What is PCOS?
PCOS is an ovary syndrome where the ovaries produce an indefinite amount of hormone “androgen”. These androgens are male hormones that are present in the female body in a small amount. The androgen again forms the small cysts that are fluid-filled sacs and found in the ovaries.
PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome) and fertility.
Though PCOS affects only 10 percent of women, its incidence is increasing and is one of the most commonly encountered problems in women with infertility. Hormonal imbalance causes either the egg maturation to delay or cease altogether. That is why such women cannot calculate their fertile period, hence making it difficult to conceive. Not only that, but even the egg quality is poor, so ovulation defects and poor egg quality are the primary reasons for infertility in patients with PCOS.
How to diagnose?
Ultrasound alone is not a criterion for PCOS diagnosis,
2) excessive weight gain, acne, excess hair growth in male pattern and
3)ultrasound features of PCOS
among the above, at least two features should be there, and females should not have thyroid and prolactin hormone-related problems.
So anyone should not panic when Ultrasound alone is suggestive of PCOS but no other complaints.
Consult your doctor and start treatment if you have a proper diagnosis of PCOS.
Treatments are monitored, starting with
- weight reduction
- lifestyle modification
- diet pattern change
- reduce stress level
- and medication
The above treatments are to make you ovulate. There are multiple ways of ovulation. It may be an oral medication, maybe some injection, or a laparoscopic procedure. Treatment is always individualized and in a stepwise pattern depending upon the severity of PCOS, the woman’s age, duration of infertility, and associated factors for infertility.
PCOS cannot be cured entirely. Howsoever, it can always be controlled, and the symptoms managed. Trust the doctors and make sure you keep the symptoms in mind, and whenever you feel related to the orders, you must visit the doctors in your neighborhood.
I thank my mother, Dr. Varsha Patil, for sharing her time with Honest Herald. My mother always taught me to “Leave the world in a better place than it was”. I, Pranay Patil (Editor–in–chief), wanted to make sure that every woman is empowered by talking about measures that make a difference. I hope this awareness segment will enlighten young women and be a guide to women who are suffering from social stigma due to their condition.